Magnitude 7.1 Iniskin earthquake
January 24, 2016
A damaging magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred at 1:30am Sunday, 60 miles west of Homer. So far there are no reports of injuries.
According to KTUU, gas leaks in Kenai resulted in fires that destroyed four homes on Lilac Lane, and residents from 20 or so households were evacuated to a temporary shelter at the National Guard armory. The earthquake also damaged Kalifornsky Beach Road about a mile from the Sterling Highway and caused power outages affecting over 10,000 homes across Southcentral Alaska.
The depth (76 miles) and location of this earthquake indicate that it occurred inside the subducting Pacific Plate rather than at the plate interface. The rupture was caused by extension of the plate as it is pulled into the mantle by its own weight.
This is a common type of event for this region and depth. However, at magnitude 7.1 it is the largest intermediate-depth earthquake recorded beneath Cook Inlet since the regional seismic network was established in late 1960s. Earthquakes of similar sizes occurred in the Lower Cook Inlet in 1912 and 1933, but we do not have precise magnitudes and locations for that time period.
As of Tuesday morning, we had recorded around 135 aftershocks. The largest was a magnitude 4.7 at 5:29 am Sunday morning. Only a few of these aftershocks were strong enough to be felt in population centers. We expect the aftershock sequence to last for several months, but the rate should decrease considerably after a couple of weeks.
The National Tsunami Warning Center reported no danger of a damaging tsunami after this earthquake.